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Master, Historical Documentation Center, Golestan Palace, Tehran, Iran , madjid.amin@gmail.com
Abstract:   (515 Views)
Water supply methods and their types, especially river water transfer in the Middle East, have a very long history. In Iran, and during the historical period in which urban planning developed, other types of these methods were added, such as building dams, tunnels, and canals, which were the result of Iranian thought and genius. With the expansion of these methods, water resources management was developed, especially from the Islamic era. The water system, which the government used based on traditional and customary methods, was a good preparation for the sustainable use of diverse water resources in arid and semi-arid regions. The regulation of its use for villages, towns, public institutions, properties and institutions was also dependent on the government. During the Qajar period, when Tehran was chosen as the capital, water resources such as aqueducts and other underground springs were not enough to increase the size and population of Tehran; Therefore, by constructing a dam, they directed a part of the water of Karaj river to the north of Tehran and used the water of this river to supply water to the city and its western villages. In this article, the importance, value and various aspects of the original document on the division of water of the Karaj River have been reviewed; this document was established during the time Amir Kabir was the prime minister and was used until the Pahlavi period. This exquisite document, which was prepared on a sketch of the Karaj River and its tributaries, has been registered in the list of national movable monuments of the country.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Inscriptions of the building
Received: 2020/08/22 | Accepted: 2020/12/15 | Published: 2021/01/10

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