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Assistant Professor, Research Institute for Cultural Heritage and Tourism, Tehran, Iran , f.saeidi@richt.ir
Abstract:   (514 Views)
The Isfahan Grand Mosque, which Galdiri considers a unique work throughout Islamic architecture, is rightly titled the Encyclopedia of Islamic Architecture. Many of the decorations of this mosque are undated inscriptions which, in addition to their decorative function, are a reflection of the political-religious history of Isfahan and the presence of Sunni and Shiite governments, whose presence in different centuries has had a great impact on development, construction and decoration. In this research, inscriptions without date of the entrance of the south nave of the east porch have been studied. The present study was conducted in a field-library method. Although researchers have made brief references to the date of its construction, they have not provided sufficient evidence. In the studies done, its history has been obtained by referring to contemporary buildings, execution methods and writing style. Relatively, it is possible to date the wall of the eastern nave of the Grand Mosque relying on the date of construction of Soltanieh Dome (1306-1313), the mihrab of the Isfahan Grand Mosque (1310), the tomb of Pir Bakran (1304 and its inscription 1312) and the Ashtarjan Grand Mosque (1308-1315), setting a time range between 1306-1315 AH, which covers the early fourteenth century. This date is about one hundred years different from Grabar's proposed date, which he considers to be older, preceding the fourteenth century.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Inscriptions of the building
Received: 2020/10/12 | Accepted: 2020/11/30 | Published: 2021/01/10

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